Why hosting the World Cup can help and hinder a country

Many countries put large bids forward to host the World Cup when it comes to voting for who should do it.

But is it always a good idea to host the world’s biggest competition?

The World Cup is currently being played in Russia after years and years of planning and preparation. The total cost of building 12 stadiums to FIFA World Cup rules in 11 cities cost Russia an estimated US$11 billion.

Happy locals

As always with any big event the organisers and the local people have very different priorities.

Pros:

  • Increased telecommunication services
  • Improved transport services
  • Expanded airports
  • Improved roads and motorways
  • Jobs created in many different industries

Cons:

  • Benefits limited to hosting cities
  • More money spent on other services than ones that improves the lives of locals
  • Neighbourhoods and friends forced away from eachother

As we saw at the Brazil World Cup in 2014 the World Cup greatly increased the money and jobs for the locals of the hosting cities. However, many people were moved out of their houses and neighbourhoods and put elsewhere. This was because the government wanted to change the local “slums” to something more attractive to tourists.

Image result for Brazil slums

Economy

Pros:

  • The number of people visiting the country during the World Cup will mean a massive increase in business for companies and businesses (restaurants, cafes, shops)
  • Countries will also find a boost in international trade after a World Cup meaning long-term development for key industries in that country.

Image result for World cup fans

Cons:

  • After the World Cup the country will have stadiums fit for the World Cup that are now either not being used or cannot be filled
  • Host countries, most of the time, will need to borrow money off other countries that could take years and maybe decades to pay back
  • Any economic benefits from the World Cup will mostly be limited to the cities hosting the games

Stadiums

Pros:

  • The country will get 45,000 seat stadiums allowing a lot of tourists into the country and cities

Cons:

  • After the World Cup has finished then the countries might not need stadiums of that size for their local sports. Brazil are now stuck with stadiums across their country from 2014 that are not being used, like the city of Manaus in the heart of the Amazon. They have no top flight sports clubs to fill the stadium
  • The amount of money needed for the construction of the stadiums has brought u arguments for the hosting countries be nations that already have venues big enough for the tournament.

Image result for stadium building

The World Cup is without doubt one the biggest sporting competitions but its benefits to the host country does not always make it worth while once the tournament is over.

After the amount of money put into construction and preparation it is difficult to maintain the new buildings and stadiums, especially when the stadiums are no longer being used.

Do you think hosting the World Cup is good for a country?

By Liam Amos

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